MID TERM ASSIGNMENT Select one or more spoken text


Select one or more spoken text(s)/discourse (s) in English and analyse it in terms of phonological phenomena (e.g., vowels, consonants, stress, intonation, rhythm, etc.) as identified from the text(s).
Audio source: https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/scientists-list-four-ways-to-capture-carbon-limit-rising-temperatures/4630551.html.
Transcribtion text:
“A new report suggests four simple ways to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
? nju? r??p??t s????sts f?? ?s?mpl we?z tu? r??mu?v ?k??b?n da???ksa?d fr?m ði ?ætm?sf??.
Carbon dioxide is among the gases linked to the increase in the Earth’s temperature.
?k??b?n da???ksa?d ?z ??m?? ð? ?gæs?z l??kt tu? ði ??nkri?s?n ði ???s ?t?mpr???.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine published the report.
ð? ?næ??nl ??kæd?miz ?v ?sa??ns?z, ??n???n??r?? ænd?m?ds?n ?p?bl??t ð? r??p??t.
All four methods to take carbon from the air and store it use natural processes.
??l f?? ?m???dz tu? te?k ?k??b?n fr?m ði e?r ænd st??r ?tju?z ?næ?r?l ?pr??s?s?z.
However, all of them still would not be enough to prevent possible catastrophic levels of climate change, the report said.
ha???v?, ??l ?v ð?m st?l w?d n?t bi? ??n?f tu? pr??v?nt?p?s?bl ?kæt??str?f?k ?l?vlz ?v ?kla?m?t ?e?n?, ð? r??p??ts?d.
Climate scientists say carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels have warmed the Earth’s atmosphere by about 1 degree.
?kla?m?t ?sa??nt?sts se? ?k??b?n ??m???nz fr?m ?b??n?? ?f?slfj??lz hæv w??md ði ???s ?ætm?sf?? ba???ba?t 1 d??gri?.
At the current rate, temperatures will likely increase by 1.5 degrees by 2050.

æt ð? ?k?r?nt re?t, ?t?mpr???z w?l ?la?kli??nkri?s ba? 1.5 d??gri?z ba? 2050
That warning is from a new report by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
ðæt ?w??n?? ?z fr?m ?nju? r??p??t ba? ð? j??na?t?d ?ne???nz ??nt??g?v??m?nt(?)l?pænl ?n ?kla?m?t ?e?n?.
Technologies that create no emissions, like wind or solar power, will not be enough to stop climate change, the U.N. report said.
t?k?n?l??iz ðæt kri(?)?e?t n?? ??m???nz, la?k w?nd ?? ?s??l??pa??, w?l n?t bi? ??n?f tu? st?p ?kla?m?t ?e?n?, ð?ju?.?n. r??p??t s?d.
It called for technologies that take carbon dioxide out of the air.
?t k??ld f?? t?k?n?l??iz ðæt te?k ?k??b?nda???ksa?d a?t ?v ði e?.
The group of experts with the National Academies of Sciences considered existing methods for removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
ð? gru?p ?v ??ksp??ts w?ð ð? ?næ??nl ??kæd?miz ?v?sa??ns?z k?n?s?d?d ?g?z?st?? ?m???dz f?? r??mu?v???k??b?n da???ksa?d fr?m ði ?ætm?sf??.
The first of the four is one that almost everyone knows already: planting trees.
ð? f??st ?v ð? f??r ?z w?n ðæt ???lm??st ??vr?w?n n??z??l?r?di: ?pl??nt?? tri?z
It’s not really a technology, admitted Princeton University biologist Stephen Pacala. He headed the group of scientists.
?ts n?t ?r??li ? t?k?n?l??i, ?d?m?t?d ?pr?nst?n ?ju?n??v??s?tiba???l???st ?sti?v(?)n Pacala. hi? ?h?d?d ð? gru?p ?v?sa??nt?sts.
The second method is also simple: take better care of existing forests. These are the two least costly ways to get large amounts of carbon out of the air, the report said.
ð? ?s?k?nd ?m???d ?z ???ls?? ?s?mpl: te?k ?b?t? ke?r ?v?g?z?st?? ?f?r?sts. ði?z ?? ð? tu? li?st ?k?stli we?z tu? g?t l?????ma?nts ?v ?k??b?n a?t ?v ði e?, ð? r??p??t s?d.
Farms offer the next biggest and least costly carbon dioxide removal method.
f??mz ??f? ð? n?kst ?b?g?st ænd li?st ?k?stli ?k??b?nda???ksa?d r??mu?v?l ?m???d.
Soil that is used to grow crops too much loses carbon and nutrients. Rebuilding the soil increases its ability to hold water and makes it more fertile.
s??l ðæt ?z ju?zd tu? gr?? kr?ps tu? m?? ?lu?z?z ?k??b?nænd ?nju?tr??nts. ?ri??b?ld?? ð? s??l ??nkri?s?z ?ts ??b?l?ti tu?h??ld ?w??t?r ænd me?ks ?t m?? ?f??ta?l.
The carbon comes from the atmosphere,” Pacala said, and he added, “We know how to do quite a bit of this.”
ð? ?k??b?n k?mz fr?m ði ?ætm?sf??,” Pacala s?d, ænd hi??æd?d, “wi? n?? ha? tu? du? kwa?t ? b?t ?v ð?s.”
The fourth method, the report said, is known as biomass energy with carbon capture and storage, or BECCS.
ð? f??? ?m???d, ð? r??p??t s?d, ?z n??n æz ?ba????mæs??n??i w?ð ?k??b?n ?kæp??r ænd ?st??r??, ??
BECCS involves burning some kind of plant matter to produce electricity, fuel or heat, then capturing and storing the carbon gasses in underground containers.
bi?-i?-si?-si?-?s. bi?-i?-si?-si?-?s ?n?v?lvz ?b??n?? s?m ka?nd?v pl??nt ?mæt? tu? ?pr?dju?s ?l?k?tr?s?ti, fj??l ?? hi?t, ð?n?kæp??r?? ænd ?st??r?? ð? ?k??b?n gasses ?n??nd?gra?nd k?n?te?n?z.
The report said BECCS could remove the largest amount of carbon dioxide from the air, but is also the most costly.
ð? r??p??t s?d bi?-i?-si?-si?-?s k?d r??mu?v ð? ?l????st??ma?nt ?v ?k??b?n da???ksa?d fr?m ði e?, b?t ?z ???ls??ð? m??st ?k?stli.
If used worldwide, these four techniques could remove up to 10 gigatons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere each year.
?f ju?zd ?w??ld?wa?d, ði?z f?? t?k?ni?ks k?d r??mu?v ?ptu? 10 gigatons ?v ?k??b?n da???ksa?d fr?m ði ?ætm?sf??r i?? j??.
It is estimated that 50 gigatons of carbon are produced each year around the world.
?t ?z ??st?me?t?d ðæt 50 gigatons ?v ?k??b?n ?? pr??dju?sti?? j??r ??ra?nd ð? w??ld.
The scientists said that using more land for carbon dioxide removal would mean taking land needed to produce crops.
ð? ?sa??nt?sts s?d ðæt ?ju?z?? m?? lænd f?? ?k??b?nda???ksa?d r??mu?v?l w?d mi?n ?te?k?? lænd ?ni?d?d tu??pr?dju?s kr?ps.
The scientists also considered new technologies that capture carbon dioxide from the air.
ð? ?sa??nt?sts ???ls?? k?n?s?d?d nju? t?k?n?l??iz ðæt?kæp?? ?k??b?n da???ksa?d fr?m ði e?.
For example, one method would use the ability of some naturally existing minerals that react with carbon dioxide to store it.
f??r ?g?z??mpl, w?n ?m???d w?d ju?z ði ??b?l?ti ?v s?m?næ?r?li ?g?z?st?? ?m?n?r?lz ðæt ri(?)?ækt w?ð ?k??b?nda???ksa?d tu? st??r ?t.
But the scientists said this method is not well understood.
?z n?t w?l ??nd??st?d
I’m Susan Shand”
a?m ?su?z(?)n Shand”
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