Functionalist Emile Durkheim often used an organism to help explain the functionalist’s vision of society

Functionalist Emile Durkheim often used an organism to help explain the functionalist’s vision of society. It was in his opinion that each component of society was crucial in terms of society’s overall health. Each component is as important as the other, as they all fulfils different objectives. In order for society to survive, all components must work together, if one component was to break down then society would suffer.’Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, just as it is the spirit of a spiritless situation. It is the opium of the people’. Marxists viewpoint regarding religion was used an instrument, used by the bourgeois to influence the proletariat and to enable the bourgeois to control social order by making social inequalities seem as though they were Gods choice