213741060960 5973104253783This report will argue about how much the internet of things will increase the quality of manufacturing by showing how IOT will solve the manufacturing problems which the companies faced today

213741060960
5973104253783This report will argue about how much the internet of things will increase the quality of manufacturing by showing how IOT will solve the manufacturing problems which the companies faced today.
0

This report will argue about how much the internet of things will increase the quality of manufacturing by showing how IOT will solve the manufacturing problems which the companies faced today.
6671395597504 By
Ahmed Alqattan
Applied Mechanical Engineering
201539370
ENGL214-34
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
172
Prepared for
Mr. Peadar Callaghan
020000 By
Ahmed Alqattan
Applied Mechanical Engineering
201539370
ENGL214-34
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals
172
Prepared for
Mr. Peadar Callaghan
5715001104265How Is The Internet Of Things Improving The Quality Of Manufacturing Process?
0How Is The Internet Of Things Improving The Quality Of Manufacturing Process?
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION 3
Background ………………………………………………………………….3
How will the IoT improve the quality of manufacturing? …………………..4
Exchanging data
1. Greater Energy Efficiency
2. Higher Product Quality
Controlling the industry
1. Management
2. Maintenance
C. Field service
D. Safety and Security of the worker and the products

Why do many specialists think IOT will not improve the quality? ………5
Complexity
B. Lesser employment of menial staff.

C. Loss of privacy and security.

1. Security
2. Safety
V. Why are they wrong? …………………………………………………………7
A. Dealing with the complexity:
B. The creation of new Jobs:
C. Future Privacy and security:
1- The security:
2- The safety

REFERENCES ……………………………………………………………………..10
Introduction
The revolution of IOT is changing how the companies around the world think and do business. IOT is affecting the industries applications and jobs and the world has many opinions about it some of them encourage enhance this system and other people are afraid of its consequences. Smart manufacturing is the most important industrial application in the IOT field. Smart manufacturing enables fast manufacturing of products, optimization of the time needed to produce and the time needed to supply the material to the industry. On the other hand, it also destroys some types of jobs in the industries and it has some privacy and safety issues.

Background:
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(Columbus, 2017)
00(Columbus, 2017)
The internet of things (IOT) is new technology contains the network that connects physical devices and controls them without the human interference. Exchanging data and the remote control are the main purposes of the IOT. Governments and companies are spending a huge amount of money to transform the industries to smart manufacturing and according to Jain, the money invested in industrial IOT in the U.S will reach 40 billion dollars in 2020 as shown in the figure a.

Figure a
How will the IoT improve the quality of manufacturing?
IOT is changing the world forever in all technology fields but it has a huge impact in the manufacturing process and according to Knieriemen, the experts expect that number of connected machines in manufacturing environments to expand from 237 million in 2015 to 923 million in 2020.

A. Exchanging data
In the past, the data was kept in the database of individual devices and was used to detect the failure after it occurred but now the data is continuously moving between the different devices and make it possible to detect the problem before it happens.

1. Greater Energy Efficiency
The IOT tell the managers where they lose the energy, it put can decide which machine is performing better and make a maintenance schedule and how to save production money (optimization production schedule).

2. Higher Product Quality
Many products like devices do not show their manufacturing problem until sometime which can affect the company reputation and cause a lot of problems but with IoT, the manufacturing problem can be detected immediately by the sensors and the production would stop until the problem is solved.

B. Controlling the industry
1. Management
The devices can communicate with each other and run the industry by there and the engineers called that the Automation. For example, some they can the smart system can automatically order new materials if the industry needs and offer jobs to supply the industry and distribute the products to the customers.
2. Maintenance
Manufacturing engineers can search for the process problem like where the production slow down and they can know also if a particular device will fail so they can fix it or make a plan to replace it and by that they can avoid the cost of the maintenance of the devices and avoid the loss of money during this maintenance. According to Jain the IoT Sensors can actively monitor machines and send an alert when the equipment distort from its prescribed parameters like the temperature of the machines.

D. Safety and Security of the worker and the products
According to Mccol the International Labor Organization has reported that about 151 laborers face workplace accidents every 15 seconds The IoT can monitor the industry and compute how many injuries, in which area these injuries happen and which machine cause the injuries usually and similarly the illness rates, property damages, and vehicle incidents.
Why do many specialists think IOT will not improve the quality?
The IOT has many challenges make many specialists afraid of this modern technology and the politics around the world are ready to make legalizations that can limit the use of IOT.
A. Complexity
According to Bisson, some manufacturers are still trying to catch up to the complex demands of industrial IoT and that can cause some problems in the operation processes.
B. Lesser employment of menial staff.

Since the IoT devices can do different tasks in efficient way without the need of human, jobs in the industry can be replaced by the IOT to save money and time but that will create unemployment in the society. For example, the very skilled maintenance and mechanical engineers will not be needed to monitor the machines since the industrial machines can do self-heal. Also, the industrial engineers will not be needed since the IOT can order the materials and distribute the product automatically. Because the machines can make the production plan by themselves some managers also will lose their jobs. In Addition, a large number of factory workers will be replaced by the robots since it is connected to the IOT system and they are faster.
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C. Loss of privacy and security.

1. Security
Hacking is a very common concern according to Bisson anything in the industry that is controlled by the IOT is very attractive to the hackers because if they can hack it they can control the industry and even affects the physical machines. The company secrets and the employees’ personal data will be in danger. Also, the manufacturing process itself may be stopped by the hacker or mess up the plan and make the product less efficient without the knowledge of the managers.

2. Safety
Due to the complicated connections of the devices or virus, some Software malfunction can happen and that may put the life of the workers in danger. The companies will depend in the IOT to discover the problem in the system but if the IOT program is corrupted then the problem will be gathered until a big problem happens in the industry like an explosion or a fire.
Why are they wrong?
Dealing with The complexity:
It is right that the industries that use IOT today are facing the complexity problem but that will not be the case if the companies started to hire the educated worker who are specialist in industrial IOT and who can deal with the different demands of IOT from the physical tools and devices to the security programs. In addition, the companies must ensure that their components of IOT are fully integrated and must work together and be secure from edge to data storage, middleware, and analytics. industrial in the future will have smart and fast computers which can develop the security and database systems without the need for the humans understanding. The cameras and sensors and the intelligence computer in the whole industry will ensure that every tool does what they need to do.

The creation of new Jobs:
It is right that IOT will destroy some manual jobs but also it will create better and safer jobs to maintain, create and market the system. By 2020, according to the Centre for Economics and Business Research and technology firm SAS, some 182,000 jobs will be created in the UK by the IoT. The security of IoT will need security experts in cybersecurity programs and electronics and engineers. According to John Peterson, general manager of IT for the plant in TOYOTA, their IT team has more than doubled in the past year. IBM, Intel, Microsoft, Cisco and other manufacturing companies are hiring right now. The following graphic provides a comparison of tech companies’ job ads mentioning IoT in the 2014 and 2015. The IoT will replace various low-skill jobs with high-skill engineering jobs. The connection of machines will lead to the creation of new jobs that will help drive business success. Hardware and software engineering as well mechanical designing and industrial engineering are desired -11836173
Figure1 (Columbus, 2015)
00Figure1 (Columbus, 2015)
for IoT applications.

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Figure 2 (https://www.accenture.com/us-en/insight-industrial-internet-of-things)
00Figure 2 (https://www.accenture.com/us-en/insight-industrial-internet-of-things)

Future Privacy and security:
The security:
The industries can use the complex system of IOT on their side. If a hacker wants to control IOT system he must understand it but if the software is updated either manually or automatically by the latest intelligent security program every period, then he will not be able to hack. In addition, with cybersecurity system in the connected devices, the industry will become like a human body which can detect any strange viruses and can alarm the company. The worker and customer information will be in different complex databases. The IOT in the industry is consist of many programs so even if he hacks one the other will alarm the company. According to rose Strategies need to be developed to respect individual privacy choices while still encouraging innovation in new IoT technology
The safety
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Figure 4
(Yarmoluk, 2017)
00Figure 4
(Yarmoluk, 2017)
Some factory jobs are hazardous today for the human worker but using the IOT system instead of them will increase the safety in the industry. The connected information will not just help to increase the money but also the health and safety. According to Wheelwright who cited Llamas Industrial IoT is especially interested in what could be achieved by connecting information about the air quality (especially from IoT devices) and miners’ health (like from wearable devices in figure 3) to reduce risks and costs and alert companies to the potential troubles. In addition, in the current time in the industry using IOT the safety of the worker has increased rapidly and according to Yarmoluk studies clearly, show that as the OEE (operational equipment efficiency) increase incidents rate go down as seen in figure 4
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Figure 3: Some wearable devices connected to the IoT
(Wheelwright, 2017)
00Figure 3: Some wearable devices connected to the IoT
(Wheelwright, 2017)

REFERENCES
Manwaring, K. (2017, June 09). Beware the ‘Internet of Things’: Expert warns connected devices to run the risk of spying and hacking – and 40% of people now have them in their homes. Dailymail. Retrieved March 27, 2018, from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4590176/From-spying-hacking-Expert-lists-dangers-IoT.htmlKnieriemen, G. (2018, January 17). Five ways IoT is transforming the manufacturing industry. The TechTarget network. Retrieved March 30, 2018, from http://internetofthingsagenda.techtarget.com/blog/IoT-Agenda/Five-ways-IoT-is-transforming-the-manufacturing-industry Shewan, D. (2017, January 11). Robots will destroy our jobs – and we’re not ready for it. The Guardian. Retrieved March 30, 2018, from https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jan/11/robots-jobs-employees-artificial-intelligenceBisson, D. (2017, November 10). 5 Key Challenges for the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). Tripwire. Retrieved March 30, 2018, from https://www.tripwire.com/state-of-security/featured/5-key-challenges-for-the-industrial-internet-of-things-iiot/Jain, Y. (2017, December 15). 8 Uses, Applications, and Benefits of Industrial IoT in Manufacturing. New gen apps. Retrieved April 01, 2018, from https://www.newgenapps.com/blog/8-uses-applications-and-benefits-of-industrial-iot-in-manufacturing
Mccol, B. (2017, November 13). How is IoT Revolutionizing Workplace Safety? ………… Readwrite. Retrieved April 01, 2018, from ………..https://readwrite.com/2017/11/07/iot-wearables-improve-workplace-safety/
Wheelwright, G. (2017, October 11). IoT-linked wearables will help workers stay ……safe.Financial times. Retrieved from https://www.ft.com/content/944e6efe-96cb- ……..11e7-8c5c-c8d8fa6961bb
Yarmoluk, D. (2017, March 08). Safety and Reliability as a Cornerstone of Industrial IoT
Deployments. Linkedin. Retrieved from https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/safety- ……..reliability-cornerstone-industrial-iot-dan-yarmoluk
Winning with the Industrial Internet of Things. (n.d.). Accenture. Retrieved from ……https://www.accenture.com/us-en/insight-industrial-internet-of-things
Columbus, L. (2015, December 15). Where To Find A Job Doing Internet of Things (IoT) Work Today. Forbes. Retrieved from ……https://www.forbes.com/sites/louiscolumbus/2015/12/15/where-to-find-a-job-……doing-internet-of-things-iot-work-today/#5656c0c73a6b
Columbus, L. (2017, December 11). 2017 Roundup Of Internet Of Things Forecasts. ……Forbes. Retrieved from …….https://www.forbes.com/sites/louiscolumbus/2017/12/10/2017-roundup-of-internet-…….of-things-forecasts/#7fc61d1a1480